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E2S: Energy and Environment Solutions
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TEENTEEN Chair was created to explain the existence of contestations of industrial and planning projects, and to develop pathways to solve them.

While oppositions to planning projects and industrial sites more broadly are not new, there is an actual resurgence of these conflicts. Opponents are now presenting their arguments corresponding to the general interest, therefore gaining more weight to stop new projects. The many contemporary transitions at work create strong uncertainties that fuel these opposition.
Indeed, while historical transitions have clear trajectories departing from a point A and leading to a point B, what would be this commonly accepted “point B target” is harder to define in the current environmental and energetical context. Both the tools and the outcomes mobilized in contemporary transitions are objects of conflict.

If this general observation is widely shared in the scientific community, the various transition scenarios are more debated. Four fundamental observations can be made that guide our understanding of the crucial scales for action. First, future transitions will be driven by multiple stakeholders, and will rely in new models of engineering attuned to ecological processes. Then, as the sources of supply grow diverse, so grows the need for more subsidiarity. Finally, the local and the global will be the scales at which policies are implemented, and national administrations will inherit the setting of general directions and the sanctions of their outcomes. 

 

From these four observations, our hypothesis is that territories will play a major part in the implementation and the explanation of transitions. We share it with many other stakeholders who imagine the future of territories through their links to global dynamics and the interactions between stakeholders: such approaches are well suited to encourage transition projects and technological solutions. 

 

We identify three main obstacles to these transition processes. Indeed, local actors lack political legitimacy while such changes needing political support are confronted to a strong institutional obduracy and to the many socio-technical controversies surrounding new technologies. Pre-existing social tensions are therefore put to the front.
To overcome these obstacles, our strategy is directed to stakeholders and based on tools such as prospective making. We give them support to infuse their actions with territorial meaning, and to develop alternatives prior to the emergence of contestations, for them to be able to change the course of ongoing projects when such conflicts occur. 

 
Xavier Arnauld de Sartre, TEEN's principal investigator

The chair is supervised by Xavier Arnauld de Sartre who is a research director at the CNRS and currently works in the University of Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, where he is also a member of E2S UPPA management team. Two other local researchers are also involved in the chair. The Pr. Christine Bouisset is in charge of the local communities while Lise Desvallées, contract researcher, follows the underground projects. Two more post-docs and three more PhD are currently being added to the chair.

To implement this program, the entire team has access to existing research networks and rely on various research labs as well as on the E2S UPPA project. They also benefit from the access to concrete cases opened by partners who are in need of research-action, in both corporate and public institutions. 

 

The stakeholders in this chair are the following ones: 

  •  Total, financing a PhD and a post-doc: the former on case studies of conflicts and the latter on prospective research-action. 
  •  The communal structure CAPBP implements a local Climate Action Plan and involves as well as finances another PhD. 
  •  The Compagnie d’aménagement des côteaux de Gascogne, an historical semi-public institution charged with local rural planning, hosts a third PhD working on research-action. 
  •  The GEFISS project, partner with the Pole Avenia, accompanies the ongoing dialog around the underground and its implication in energy transition.